You can generally improve your balance with exercise and physical therapy.
Balance disorders commonly affect the elderly. Balance problems are caused by a number of factors, including medications, disease, inner ear problems, poor muscle tone and lack of activity. Outpatient physical therapy and exercise instruction may help seniors enjoy fuller and more active lifestyles. Whether balance issues are caused by physical conditions or sedentary lifestyles or a fear of falling, physical therapy exercises can help increase balance, coordination, strength and stability.
Physical therapy can help with balance and stability. The general decline of muscle strength, neuromuscular disorders, or middle ear pathology may severely limit your independence and ability to perform daily living activities, which can be addressed with physical therapy.
Balance Retraining Therapy
If you've been diagnosed with any type of middle ear damage or infection, neuromuscular problems, or general decline in strength or health your balance and stability may be compromised. Balance retraining therapy is effective in helping you maintain your balance as well as increase your strength, range of motion and ability to perform daily living skills. This type of training can be done at an outpatient physical therapy clinic. Some exercises performed in balance retraining therapy include hand-eye coordination exercises and range of motion exercises that help your body adapt to changing position, as well as strengthening joints and flexibility and balance exercises with the help of your physical therapist.
Walking is a common physical therapy exercise used by physical therapists to help rehabilitate patients who've experienced balance or gait problems. Heel to toe walking, side stepping and forward and backward walking with focus on stride length and stability are examples of ways to address balance functionally.